Eye Disease Diagnosis & Management in Markham

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Untreated Eye Disease Can Steal Your Vision

Eye diseases are hard to spot and often do not show any symptoms in their early stages. However, eye disease can cause permanent vision loss if you don’t attend annual eye exams.

Your optometrist is trained to spot the signs of eye disease before permanent damage occurs.

Common Eye Diseases

Glaucoma is a group of diseases that can damage the optic nerve. This damage can occur as a result of raised intraocular pressure (IOP).

Glaucoma can also occur if your eyes have normal pressure, a condition known as normal-tension glaucoma.

The most common forms of glaucoma are open-angle glaucoma and angle-closure glaucoma.

  • Open-angle glaucoma occurs when the drainage canal responsible for cycling fluids out your eye (known as the trabecular meshwork) starts to become clogged or blocked. This raises the IOP and damages your optic nerve, causing blindness over time. Open-angle glaucoma is the most common form of the disease and often develops without any signs or symptoms.
  • Angle-closure glaucoma occurs when the drainage angle between your iris and cornea closes completely. This rapidly raises IOP and can cause immediate and permanent damage to your vision. If you start to notice rapid vision loss, contact our office immediately or seek out your nearest emergency room.

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease that causes your central vision to deteriorate. AMD occurs more often as you age, but the risk of developing the disease increases if you smoke or your family has a history of AMD.

AMD affects the eyes with two different versions of the disease: dry macular degeneration and wet macular degeneration.

  • Dry macular degeneration occurs when small deposits of drusen form on the retina, underneath the macula, causing the macula to thin and harm your central vision. Your risk of developing dry AMD can increase from smoking or by having a poor diet.
  • Wet macular degeneration is not nearly as common as dry AMD, but accounts for almost 90% of vision loss caused by both AMD versions. Wet AMD occurs when fragile, abnormal blood vessels develop under the retina where they leak fluids and blood into the macula. This can cause a rapid deterioration of your vision and constitutes a medical emergency.

Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is an infection that affects the eye’s conjunctiva, a thin layer under your eyelid. Conjunctivitis has many root causes, but all can have symptoms of redness, itchiness, excessive tearing, and discharge coming from your eye.

  • Viral conjunctivitis is a highly contagious form of the disease that is caused by contracting a virus. This doesn’t necessarily need treatment, but a visit to an optometrist can help set you on the right path for relief.
  • Allergic conjunctivitis happens as a result of an allergic reaction from dust, pollen, or pet hair. If you are experiencing an allergic reaction, you can mitigate your symptoms through eye drops or allergy medication.
  • Bacterial conjunctivitis is contracted by bacteria and often needs antibiotics to cure effectively. This version of the disease is also highly contagious, so visit an optometrist as soon as you can for relief.

Cataracts are the gradual clouding of your eye’s lens and are a natural part of the ageing process. This condition is treatable at various stages of progression, and your optometrist could prescribe medication, glasses, contacts, or even surgery to correct the symptoms of the disease.

Your chances of developing cataracts increases if you smoke, have diabetes, or excessively consume alcohol.

Experiencing Eye Health Problems?

When diagnosed with an eye disease, you are not alone. Book an appointment at Warden Optometry today and start seeing the benefits of what treatment can do for you.

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Very comfortable lens design in Markham

Our office is conveniently located at #101, 30 Gibson Drive in Alderland Centre, just an East-bound turn off Warden Road. To help serve you better, there is plenty of parking available just behind our practice.

We offer great hours for your convenience. We are open until 7:00 PM on Wednesdays and offer Saturday appointments.


30 Gibson Dr #101
Markham, ON L3R 2S3

Contact Information

Phone: 905.940.2015
[email protected]

Hours of Operations

11 AM6:30 PM
10 AM6 PM
11 AM6:30 PM
10 AM5 PM
9:30 AM4 PM

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